You have three pairs of major salivary glands: parotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands. Each gland secretes saliva into your mouth via tubes, or ducts. Salivary glands produce saliva to moisten your mouth, initiate digestion, and help prevent tooth decay. It is important to drink lots of liquids daily. Dehydration is a risk factor for salivary gland disease.
Salivary gland problems that cause clinical symptoms include: obstruction, infection, tumors, and other disorders.
A lump or area of swelling near your salivary gland is a common sign of a salivary gland tumor; however, it does not mean you have cancer. Most salivary gland tumors are noncancerous (benign).
Salivary gland disease can be treated medically or surgically. Selection of the treatment plan depends on the nature of the problem.