A cholesteatoma is a skin growth that can form in the mid-section of your ear, directly behind the eardrum. It usually occurs as a birth defect as a result of recurrent ear infections and/or a tear or retraction of the eardrum. A few other causes of cholesteatoma include:
- Sinus infections
It often develops as a cyst or pouch that sheds layers of old skin, which build up inside the middle ear. Over time, the cholesteatoma can increase in size and destroy the bony structures of the ear.
Complications Involved With Cholesteatoma
The complications associated with cholesteatoma start off mild, but they can increase in severity over the course of time if it goes untreated. The cyst will continue to grow and that’s when you’ll experience problems in your ear.
The problems begin with a pungent-smelling fluid that drains from the ear. The cyst will continue to grow and increase the pressure in the ears, causing some discomfort and pain in or behind the ear. The increase in pressure can potentially cause hearing loss in the ear that’s affected.
How to Treat Cholesteatoma
Proper treatment is important to avoid serious complications. Surgery may be needed to remove the cholesteatoma completely. Before surgery, however, patients will be prescribed antibiotics, ear drops, and ear cleanings to treat the cyst. This will allow us to better analyze the cyst and create a surgical plan to have it removed.
Contact Our Office
If you’re experiencing complications with Cholesteatoma in your ears, it could be a sign of something more serious. Don’t let these issues go untreated and make arrangements to have them checked out at ENT Associates of San Diego. Our skilled team has been in practice in San Diego for 30 years and we’re here to help you find relief from the problems you’re facing.